On the martingale projection of a Brownian motion given initial and terminal marginals
In one of its dynamic formulations, the optimal transport problem asks to determine the stochastic process that interpolates between given initial and terminal marginals and is as close as possible to the constant-speed particle. Typically, the answer to this question is a stochastic process with constant-speed trajectories. We explore the analogue problem in the setting of martingales, and ask: what is the martingale that interpolates between given initial and terminal marginals and is as close as possible to the constant-volatility particle? The answer this time is a process called ’stretched Brownian motion’, a generalization of the well-known Bass martingale. After introducing this process and discussing some of its properties, I will present current work in progress (with Mathias Beiglbo ̈ck, Walter Schachermayer and Bertram Tschiderer) concerning the fine structure of stretched Brownian motions.